Is California's supervolcano set to blow? Scientists identify more than 2,000 quakes at the Long Valley Caldera that they say 'are precursors for an eruption'

Trending 6 months ago
  • A dormant supervolcano has had accrued seismic activity complete nan years 
  • Experts identified much than 2,000 quakes throughout the Long Valley Caldera 
  • READ MORE: California's deadly 'Big One' could beryllium caused by volcanic eruptions

By Stacy Liberatore For Dailymail.com

Published: 13:58 EDT, 23 October 2023 | Updated: 14:33 EDT, 23 October 2023

California's supervolcano that has nan powerfulness to hide Los Angeles successful much than 3,000 feet of ash is showing signs of activity.

Scientists at nan California Institute of Technology (Caltech) identified complete 2,000 earthquakes rumbling passim nan Long Valley Caldera successful caller years.

The squad conducted a caller investigation to spot if nan seismic activity was a motion of impending punishment aliases that nan consequence of a monolithic eruption was decreasing.

Caltech researchers created detailed underground images of nan caldera, finding that nan caller seismic activity results from fluids and gases released arsenic nan area cools disconnected and settles down.

Scientists astatine nan California Institute of Technology (Caltech) identified complete 2,000 earthquakes rumbling passim nan Long Valley Caldera successful caller years

The study writer Zhongwen Zhan said: 'We don't deliberation nan region is gearing up for different supervolcanic eruption, but nan cooling process whitethorn merchandise capable state and liquid to origin earthquakes and mini eruptions.

'For example, successful May 1980, location were 4 magnitude 6 earthquakes successful nan region alone.'

A captious uncovering pinch nan images revealed nan volcano's magma enclosure is covered by a hardened lid of crystallized rock, formed arsenic nan liquid magma cools down and solidifies.

The long-dormant volcano was nan tract of a ace detonation 767,000 years ago, releasing 140 miles of volcanic worldly into nan ambiance and devastating nan land. 

A captious uncovering pinch nan images revealed nan volcano's magma enclosure is covered by a hardened lid of crystallized rock, formed arsenic nan liquid magma cools down and solidifies

The long-dormant volcano was nan tract of a ace detonation 767,000 years ago, releasing 140 miles of volcanic worldly into nan ambiance and devastating nan land

 Zhan and his squad placed dozens of seismometers throughout nan Eastern Sierra region to capture seismic measurements successful a process called distributed acoustic sensing (DAS).

They covered 62 miles of nan caldera pinch cables to seizure underground snapshots.

Over a twelvemonth and a half, nan squad utilized nan cablegram to measurement much than 2,000 seismic events, astir excessively mini to beryllium felt by people.

A instrumentality learning algorithm past processed those measurements and developed nan resulting image, showing nan locations of each quake.

Emily Montgomery-Brown, an master connected nan Long Valley Caldera who was not progressive successful nan study, told LA Times that nan swarms of earthquakes started successful 2011.

These quakes were past followed by a  ground deformation successful which nan onshore roseate and nan tremors dissipated in 2020, leaving nan region quiet.

But she warns an eruption is still connected nan table.  

A study successful 2018 found the Long Valley Caldera holds 240 cubic miles of magma underneath nan surface.

'And truthful moreover if nan Long Valley magma reservoir is moribund, location are different pockets of magma successful nan area,' Montgomery-Brown said. 

If nan caldera were to erupt, it would eclipse nan 1980 detonation of Mount St Helens, which belched retired conscionable 0.29 cubic miles of volcanic worldly into nan atmosphere.

In fact, nan valley's retention of 240 cubic miles of magma is capable to capable 400 cardinal Olympic swimming pools.


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