Every 'ineffective' nasal decongestant REVEALED: After seismic US ruling on cold and flu drugs taken by millions, full list of products sold in UK with same ingredient

Trending 6 months ago

Got a stuffy nose? Don't trust connected celebrated over-the-counter remedies.

For that is nan conclusion of US wellness advisers, anyway, who declare dozens of acold and flu narcotics are efficaciously useless decongestants. 

It could spot oral meds containing phenylephrine pulled from shelves connected nan different broadside of nan Atlantic, successful a historical move which would nonstop shockwaves done nan multi-million-pound industry. 

But Brits battling nan sniffles this wintertime tin besides bargain nan same, seemingly useless, products here. 

Brands for illustration Sudafed, Benadryl, Lemsip and Beechams each waste nan drug. 

Own-brand versions from nan likes of Boots and LloydsPharmacy are besides available.

Many are sold pinch different progressive ingredients specified arsenic paracetamol, which tin dainty symptoms which usually onslaught astatine nan aforesaid clip arsenic a stuffy nose.

MailOnline has compiled nan afloat database of each phenylephrine-containing oral medicines sold successful nan UK. App users tin position it by clicking here.

Despite questions astir efficacy, medicines taken orally containing phenylephrine person seen immense value hikes successful nan past 2 years. Earlier this month, study of pricing information from 10 retailers by Which?, recovered galore products had doubled successful value . Lemsip's flagship dissolvable max acold and flu sachets accrued from £3.50 to £5.50 astatine Asda and Morrisons — a emergence of 57 per cent

The ruling past period by a sheet of typical advisers to nan Food and Drug Administration (FDA) — which oversees nan usage of medicines successful nan US — found phenylephrine 'is not effective' astatine modular aliases moreover precocious doses erstwhile taken successful pill aliases liquid form.

In nasal spray form, however, nan reviewers said that phenylephrine does look to activity arsenic almost each nan progressive medicine lands wherever it is needed. 

'However, nasal decongestant sprays are effective and activity wrong minutes and nan decongestion lasts for 8 hours.'

Professor Ron Eccles, who ran the Common Cold Centre astatine Cardiff University earlier retiring from nan assemblage successful 2017, told MailOnline: 'Phenylephrine is an ineffective nasal decongestant erstwhile taken orally because it is metabolised successful nan gut and liver earlier it reaches nan nose. 

'My position is that phenylephrine products should beryllium discontinued successful nan UK arsenic they do not supply immoderate decongestion. 

'However, nasal decongestant sprays are effective and activity wrong minutes and nan decongestion lasts for 8 hours.'

Manufacturers declare phenylephrine eases nasal congestion by reducing swelling of nan mini humor vessels that beryllium wrong nan nostrils, making much abstraction for aerial to walk through. 

But nan FDA concluded taking nan supplier orally, which is nan astir communal approach, intends not capable reaches nan chemoreceptor to person a meaningful effect because truthful overmuch gets mislaid connected nan travel from nan tummy to nan nose. 

Taking it arsenic a nasal spray ensures the drug is delivered consecutive successful nan nose. 

Despite questions astir efficacy, medicines taken orally containing phenylephrine person seen immense value hikes successful nan past 2 years.

Earlier this month, study of pricing information from 10 retailers by Which?, found galore products had doubled successful price.

Lemsip's flagship dissolvable max acold and flu sachets accrued from £3.50 to £5.50 astatine Asda and Morrisons — a emergence of 57 per cent. 

Lemsip max time and nighttime acold and flu alleviation capsules besides saw a hike of 57 per cent successful Morrisons, up from £3.50 successful 2021 to £5.50 successful 2023. 

Sudafed's blocked chemoreceptor and sinus capsules roseate 64 per cent successful Waitrose, from £3.20 successful 2021 to £5.25 successful 2023. 

Its sinus max spot capsules saw nan biggest hike of 86 per cent astatine Asda, wherever it was priced astatine £5 this year, up connected nan £2.69 successful 2021. 

NHS watchdog, nan National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice), gives proposal connected orally-administered decongestants successful general. 

They 'may relieve nasal congestion successful nan short term, but this effect does not widen past a fewer days, and nan use is comparatively small', it advises.

Phenylephrine is not mentioned specifically successful nan guidance, isolated from to opportunity later it should not beryllium fixed to children nether six.

A 2008 reappraisal by nan MHRA recovered small impervious they worked successful kids. It recognised, however, that for illustration each supplier it tin origin broadside effects. 

Manufacturers declare phenylephrine eases nasal congestion by reducing swelling of nan mini humor vessels that beryllium wrong nan nostrils, making much abstraction for aerial to walk through. But nan FDA concluded taking nan supplier orally, which is nan astir communal approach, intends not capable reaches nan chemoreceptor to person a meaningful effect because truthful overmuch gets mislaid connected nan travel from nan tummy to nan nose. Pictured, 2 of nan narcotics taken orally containing phenylephrine

NHS watchdog, nan National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice), gives proposal connected orally-administered decongestants successful general. They 'may relieve nasal congestion successful nan short term, but this effect does not widen past a fewer days, and nan use is comparatively small', it advises. Pictured, 2 of nan narcotics taken orally containing phenylephrine

CVS will statesman pulling celebrated oral cough and acold products pinch phenylephrine arsenic nan only progressive constituent from its shop shelves. Pictured: Empty CVS shelves successful New York past week

Dr Alison Cave, MHRA main information serviceman told MailOnline: 'Patient information is our apical priority. All disposable information is cautiously considered erstwhile authorising immoderate medicine and we proceed to intimately show each medicines for information and effectiveness pursuing authorisation, to guarantee nan benefits outweigh immoderate risks.

'There person been nary caller information concerns identified pinch phenylephrine containing products and group tin proceed to usage arsenic directed.

'If you person immoderate concerns astir a medicine you are taking, please activity proposal from a healthcare professional.'

The Proprietary Association of Great Britain (PAGB), which represents companies making over-the-counter medicines, besides insisted patients should not beryllium concerned by nan FDA ruling.

Michelle Riddalls, its main executive, told MailOnline: 'Consumer information is paramount to our members, including those who manufacture products containing phenylephrine. 

'The products connected nan marketplace here, containing phenylephrine, are mixed pinch different progressive ingredients to supply nan champion imaginable denotation relief. 

'These products shape portion of a well-established cough, acold and flu offering wrong nan UK. 

HOW EXPERTS TREAT THEMSELVES 

Professor Ron Eccles, erstwhile head of nan Common Cold Research Centre astatine Cardiff University, says: 'I usage a nasal decongestant spray containing xylometazoline aliases oxymetazoline, arsenic they activity wrong minutes and nan effects past for up to 10 hours.'

Professor Penny Ward, a visiting professor successful pharmaceutical medicine astatine King's College London, says: 'I usually struggle done without taking anything, arsenic medicine only treats nan symptoms, not nan microorganism itself. But I mightiness sometimes return a Lemsip astatine nighttime to relieve nan symptoms and for comfortableness truthful I tin sleep.'

Professor Andrew Easton, a virologist astatine nan University of Warwick, says: 'I return over-the-counter products specified arsenic Beechams powders aliases akin if my symptoms are rather bad.'

'This ensures that these medicines are disposable and easy accessible to let consumers to self-care and dainty these wintertime ailments astatine location astatine a clip erstwhile nan NHS is nether a awesome woody of pressure.'

A British Retail Consortium spokesperson told MailOnline: 'Retailers will travel each guidance by nan MHRA connected issues relating to nan waste of medicines.' 

A spokesperson for Superdrug besides said: 'The MHRA, nan UK regulatory body, has not changed their position connected phenylephrine and, arsenic always, we will proceed to show immoderate recommendations aliases guidance from them.'

The FDA's ain ruling connected phenylephrine, however, is not nan first occasion questions person been raised complete nan effectiveness of over-the-counter acold remedies. 

In 2014, nan Cochrane Institute, which carries retired nan 'gold standard' of evidence-based reviews, recovered location was 'no bully grounds for aliases against nan effectiveness of complete nan antagonistic medicines successful acute cough' successful nan UK. Phenylephrine meds were among nan narcotics included. 

The FDA ruling connected phenylephrine does not interest different celebrated decongestant — pseudoephedrine. 

Phenylephrine's usage boomed aft products made pinch pseudoephedrine were deed pinch restrictions successful nan UK successful 2008 to forestall criminals turning it into nan forbidden supplier crystal meth. 

It is forbidden to waste aliases proviso immoderate merchandise to Brits which contains much than 720mg of pseudoephedrine without a prescription. 

But successful February, nan MHRA announced it was 'reviewing disposable evidence' to spot if their waste rules needed to alteration again pursuing information concerns. 

In exceptionally uncommon cases, this supplier tin trigger posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) aliases reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), nan medicines watchdog warned. 

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is carrying retired its ain probe into nan medicine's broadside effects. 

The EMA is expected to denote its investigation proposal successful December. The MHRA told MailOnline it could not stock its timescale.

It comes arsenic nan UK medicines watchdog, successful March, besides ordered astir 20 over-the-counter cough medicines — including Day and Night Nurse and Boots Day Cold And Flu Relief — to beryllium withdrawn from nan market. 

Evidence was recovered that pholcodine, recovered successful nan cough syrups, could, successful uncommon cases, origin an allergic guidance if nan personification undergoes room and needs a wide anaesthetic which involves nan usage of a musculus relaxant.     

While it stressed specified reactions are incredibly uncommon — affecting astir 1 successful 10,000 procedures — nan reappraisal concluded nan benefits of pholcodine-containing cough and acold medicines 'do not outweigh nan accrued consequence of nan very uncommon arena of anaphylaxis'. 


Copyright © PAPAREAD.COM 2024

HEALTH