Conscientious and outgoing personality types are at lower risk of dementia, study finds

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By Xantha Leatham Deputy Science Editor For The Daily Mail

Published: 14:46 EST, 29 November 2023 | Updated: 14:47 EST, 29 November 2023

People who are conscientious, outgoing and person a affirmative outlook are little apt to create dementia, according to caller analysis.

Experts person discovered that definite characteristic traits look to beryllium linked to a little consequence of the disease, which affects much than 6million American and astir 1 cardinal group successful nan UK.

Researchers analyzed information from 8 studies involving much than 44,000 group aged betwixt 49 and 81.

They were followed for up to 21 years, during which 1,703 developed dementia.

People who are conscientious and person a affirmative outlook are little apt to create dementia (stock image)

The researchers looked astatine measures of nan ‘big five’ characteristic traits - conscientiousness, extraversion, openness to experience, neuroticism and agreeableness.

They besides focused connected wellbeing, for illustration really satisfied group reported being pinch their lives and whether they had a affirmative aliases antagonistic outlook.

Analysis revealed that group who were much conscientious, for illustration taking attraction to do things cautiously and correctly, who were extroverts aliases had a affirmative outlook were little apt to beryllium diagnosed pinch dementia.

Some studies besides recovered that participants who scored highly connected being unfastened to caller experiences, being agreeable and life restitution appeared to person immoderate shape of protection against nan disease.

Meanwhile, those who scored highly for neuroticism and who had much of a antagonistic ‘affect’ – for illustration having greater feelings of anger, anxiety, guilt aliases fearfulness – were astatine higher consequence of being diagnosed pinch dementia.

To nan scientists’ surprise, however, location was nary nexus recovered betwixt these characteristic traits and existent changes successful nan brains of group aft they died.

Emorie Beck, a interrogator astatine nan University of California, Davis, and first writer of nan study, said: ‘This was nan astir astonishing uncovering to us.

‘If characteristic is predictive of capacity connected cognitive tests but not pathology, what mightiness beryllium happening?’

Personality is typically thought to beryllium linked to dementia consequence done behaviour, nan squad suggested.

For example, group who people precocious connected conscientiousness whitethorn beryllium much apt to eat good and return attraction of their health, which results successful amended wellness successful nan agelong term.

Another mentation could beryllium that immoderate characteristic traits could make group much resilient to nan harm caused by diseases specified arsenic Alzheimer’s, they said.

People pinch higher levels of immoderate traits whitethorn find ways, whether they are alert of it aliases not, to header pinch and activity astir impairments.

The squad recommended incorporating psychological trait measures into objective screening aliases nan criteria followed for a dementia diagnosis.

The findings were published successful published successful Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal